Pierce's Disease
Research Updates


What is Pierce's Disease?

Pierce's Disease is a bacterial infection, which is spread by bugs that feed on grapevines, particularly the "glassy winged sharpshooter." Grapevines that become infected with PD can quickly become sick and die.

glassy-winged sharpshooter

16S rDNA sequence analysis of Xylella fastidiosa strains

  • Author(s): Banks, D.; Chang, Chung-Jan; Chen, Jianchi; Hartung, J.; Hopkins, Don; Jarret, R.; Qin, X.;
  • Abstract: The 16S rDNA encoding the small subunit ribosomal RNA were amplified by PCR, cloned, and sequenced from 16 strains of Xylella fastidiosa originating from nine different hosts. In pair-wise comparisons, X. fastidiosa strains showed a maximum variation of 1.0% or 14 nucleotide positions. When all 16 sequences were considered as a set, 54 variable positions were found. Analysis of the sequence data indicated that the X. fastdiosa strains formed three rDNA groups. Group one includes Pierces disease and mulberry leaf scorch strains; Group two, periwinkle wilt, plum leaf scald, phony peach, oak leaf scorch, and elm leaf scorch strains; and Group three, citrus variegated chlorosis and coffee leaf scorch strains. All X. fastidiosa strains exhibited significantly higher levels of sequence heterogeneity (63 to 83 nucleotide positions) when compared to species from Xanthomonas and Stenotrophomonas. Our data demonstrate that 16S rDNA sequence data could provide valuable information for future classification of X. fastidiosa at the sub-species level.
  • Publication Date: Oct 2000
  • Journal: Systematic And Applied Microbiology