Pierce's Disease
Research Updates


What is Pierce's Disease?

Pierce's Disease is a bacterial infection, which is spread by bugs that feed on grapevines, particularly the "glassy winged sharpshooter." Grapevines that become infected with PD can quickly become sick and die.

glassy-winged sharpshooter

Abscisic acid and indole-3-acetic acid contents in orange trees infected by Xylella fastidiosa and submitted to cycles of water stress

  • Author(s): Gomes, Mara; Lagoa, Ana; Machado, Eduardo; Medina, Camilo;
  • Abstract: Pera sweet orange plants ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) grafted on Rangpur lime rootstock ( 1 year- old) ( Citrus limonia Osbeck) were inoculated with Xylella fastidiosa, a xylem- limited bacterium pathogen, which causes Citrus Variegated Chlorosis ( CVC). Since it was known that water deficiency in the field enhances CVC- effects on the plant, the trees were submitted to three cycles of water stress during a one year period ( March and October, 1998; and April, 1999) and divided in four treatments: healthy plants ( HP); water- stressed healthy plants ( WSHP); diseased plants ( DP) and water- stressed diseased plants ( WSDP). Stomatal conductance ( g (s)) of water- stressed diseased plants decreased in the first and second cycles of water deficiency, as the stress was increasing. The low stomatal conductance verified may be due to the high concentrations of abscisic acid ( ABA) found in these plants. In the third cycle, values of g s in diseased plants were, usually, lower than in the healthy ones. In healthy plants, g s was reduced when these plants were submitted to water deficiency, independently of the cycle. The drop in leaf water potential in healthy plants was faster after irrigation was withheld, because healthy plants transpired more and, therefore, the water content of the substrate decreased more quickly. When the irrigation of WSDP was withheld in the third cycle, it was not possible to detect increases in ABA contents, suggesting that other factors could be acting to diminish the stomatal conductance in these plants. The presence of Xylella fastidiosa did not induce an increase in indole- 3- acetic acid content in the leaves. After three cycles of water deficiency, the concentrations of indole- 3- acetic acid in WSHP and WSDP were lower than those concentrations in the irrigated controls on the day water stress was more severe.
  • Publication Date: Mar 2003
  • Journal: Plant Growth Regulation