Pierce's Disease
Research Updates


What is Pierce's Disease?

Pierce's Disease is a bacterial infection, which is spread by bugs that feed on grapevines, particularly the "glassy winged sharpshooter." Grapevines that become infected with PD can quickly become sick and die.

glassy-winged sharpshooter

Partial rootzone drying: regulation of stomatal aperture and carbon assimilation in field-grown grapevines (Vitis vinifera cv. Moscatel)

  • Author(s): Chaves, M.; Lopes, C.; Maroco, J.; Pereira, J.; Rodrigues, M.; Santos, T.; Souza, Claudia;
  • Abstract: The effects of partial rootzone drying (PRD) irrigation compared with other irrigation systems, namely non-irrigated NI), full irrigation (FI) and deficit irrigation (DI), on stomatal conductance and carbon assimilation were evaluated in field-grown grapevines ( Vitis vinifera L. cv. Moscatel). At the end of the growing season, pre-dawn leaf water potential was highest in FI (-0.18 +/- 0.01 MPa; mean +/- s.e.), intermediate in PRD (-0.30 +/- 0.01 MPa) and DI ( -0.36 +/- 0.02 MPa), and lowest in NI vines ( -0.64 +/- 0.03 MPa). Stomatal conductance measured under controlled conditions of light and temperature was reduced in NI (ca 60%) and PRD ( ca 30%) vines compared with DI and FI vines. Under ambient conditions, NI vines had lower rates of stomatal conductance (ca 26%), net CO2 assimilation (ca 28%) and light-adapted PSII quantum yields (ca 47%) than PRD, DI and FI vines. No significant differences were found among the three irrigated treatments. Both maximum electron transport rate (J(max); ca 30%) and triose-phosphate utilization rates (TPU; ca 20%) were significantly lower in NI and PRD vines than in DI and FI vines. Carbon isotope composition (delta(13)C) of grape berries was highest in NI vines ( -24.3parts per thousand), followed by PRD ( - 25.4parts per thousand) and DI ( - 25.8parts per thousand) and lowest in FI ( - 26.4parts per thousand) vines, suggesting a long-term increase in the efficiency of leaf gas exchange in NI compared with PRD, DI and FI vines. Sap-flow data and estimates of relative stomatal limitation are in accordance with the observed stomatal closure in PRD vines. In this study, we show that PRD irrigation was able to maintain a vine water status closed to FI, but with double water use efficiency, which was due to a reduction of stomatal conductance with no significant decrease in carbon assimilation.
  • Publication Date: Jan 2003
  • Journal: Functional Plant Biology