Pierce's Disease
Research Updates


What is Pierce's Disease?

Pierce's Disease is a bacterial infection, which is spread by bugs that feed on grapevines, particularly the "glassy winged sharpshooter." Grapevines that become infected with PD can quickly become sick and die.

glassy-winged sharpshooter

Regulation of the htpX gene of Xylella fastidiosa and its expression in E. coli

  • Author(s): Coltri, P.; Rosato, Y.;
  • Abstract: Xylella fastidiosa was the first phytopathogen to be completely sequenced, and its genome revealed several interesting features to be used in functional studies. In the present work, the htpX gene, which encodes a protein involved in the heat shock response in other bacteria, was analyzed by RT-PCR by using cells derived from different cultural conditions. This gene was induced after a temperature upshift to 37degreeC after growth in minimal medium, XDM, but showed constitutive expression in rich medium or in XDM plus plant extracts. Sequences upstream to the htpX gene, containing a putative regulatory region, were also transferred to E. coli, and the thermoregulation was maintained in the new host, since it was constitutively transcribed at 37degreeC or 45degreeC in all culture media tested, but not at 28degreeC in minimal culture medium. The gene was also cloned into the expression vector pET32Xa/LIC, and the expression of the corresponding protein was confirmed by Western blotting.
  • Publication Date: Jun 2004
  • Journal: Current Microbiology